The Prime Ministers in Washington – Notes

The Prime Ministers in America

NOTES
[1] RG Menzies, Afternoon Light: Some Memories of Men and Events (Melbourne: Cassell, 1967), 143–144.
[2] RG Menzies, diary entry, 15 August 1935, Papers of Sir Robert Menzies, MS 4936, National Library of Australia (NLA).
[3] Percy Claude Spender, Exercises in Diplomacy: The ANZUS Treaty and the Colombo Plan (Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1969), 39.
[4] Cited in AW Martin, Robert Menzies: A Life (Volume 2: 1944–1978) (Carlton: Melbourne University Press, 1999), 425.
[5] Memorandum, Robert Komer to the President, “Why Trusteeship Won’t Work”, 5 April 1961, National Security Files, Country Files (Indonesia), Box 205, John F Kennedy Library (JFKL) Boston.
[6] Record of Conversation, President Kennedy and Australian Prime Minister Menzies, 24 February 1961, National Security Files, Country Files (Australia), Box 8, JFKL.
[7] Timothy Maga, John F. Kennedy and the New Pacific Community, 1961–63 (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1990), 36–50.
[8] Memorandum, Dean Rusk to Walt Rostow, 2 May 1968, Subject Numeric Files, 1967–69, Box 1860, RG 59, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Maryland.
[9] Ibid.
[10] Keith Waller, Oral History Interview with JDB Miller, ORAL TRC/134, NLA.
[11] Memorandum, Walt Rostow to Lyndon Baines Johnson on Gorton visit, May 1968 and Memorandum, “Gorton’s Desire for a Presidential Sandwich”, both in National Security Files, Country File Australia Box 234, Folder: Visit of PM John Gorton, Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library, Austin.
[12] Waller, ORAL TRC/134, NLA.
[13] Memorandum of Conversation, Ainslie Gotto and John Dorrance (US Embassy Canberra), 19 June 1968, in Telegram A-615, “Prime Minister Gorton’s Performance to Date”, 5 July 1968, SNF, 1967–69, Box 1861, RG 59, NARA.
[14] Correspondence, Keith Waller to Governor-General Lord Casey, 8 November 1968, M4323 2003/9, National Archives of Australia; see also Waller, ORAL TRC/134, NLA.
[15] Memorandum of Conversation, Alan Griffiths and John Dorrance (US Embassy, Canberra), 21 June 1968, in Telegram A-615, “Prime Minister Gorton’s Performance to Date”, 5 July 1968, SNF, 1967–69, Box 1861, RG 59, NARA.
[16] Correspondence, McMahon to Nixon, 18 July 1971, National Security Council Files, Presidential Correspondence 1969–74, Box 748, Richard Nixon Presidential Library, Yorba Linda.
[17] Telegram, US Embassy Canberra to Department of State, No 4252, 27 July 1971 and No 4153, 21 July 1971, SNF 1970–73, Box 2107, RG 59, NARA.
[18] Telegram, US Consulate Sydney to US Embassy Canberra, 26 July 1971, Australia: US Embassy Canberra Classified Central Subject Files, 1949–77, Box 56, RG 84, NARA.
[19] Telegram 20055, Record of Secretary of State’s meeting with Prime Minister McMahon, 3 November 1971, Box 56, RG 84, NARA.
[20] Toast by Nixon, Reply by McMahon, in Public Papers of the Presidents, 2 November 1971, 1073–1077.
[21] The Australian, 13 August 1974. Blair House is the residence across from the White House reserved for visiting VIPs.
[22] The Secretary’s Principals’ and Regionals’ Staff Meeting, 7 July 1975, in Office of the Secretary, Transcripts of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger’s Staff Meetings, 1975–77, Box 7, RG 59, NARA.
[23] On the Whitlam–Nixon relationship and Australia–US relations in this era, see generally James Curran, Unholy Fury: Whitlam and Nixon at War (Carlton: Melbourne University Press, 2015).
[24] Gough Whitlam, cited in Curran, Unholy Fury, 222.
[25] Billy Snedden, cited in Curran, Unholy Fury, 222–223.
[26] For White House preparations in advance of Whitlam’s visit, see Curran, Unholy Fury, 235.
[27] The Age, 1 August 1973.
[28] Memorandum of Conversation, Henry Kissinger and Prime Minister Gough Whitlam, Washington, 30 July 1973, in Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume E-12, Document 37, https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76ve12/d37.
[29] Ibid.
[30] Memorandum of Conversation, President Nixon and Prime Minister Gough Whitlam, Washington, 30 July 1973, in Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume E-12, Document 38, https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76ve12/d38.
[31] Whitlam, Speech to National Press Club, Washington, 30 July 1973, Australian Foreign Affairs Record, Vol 44 (August 1973), 527–530.
[32] John Howard, Lazarus Rising (Sydney: Harper Collins, 2010), 392.
[33] John Howard, Address at barbeque hosted by Ambassador to the United States, Washington, 9 September 2001 (released 10 September 2001), http://pmtranscripts.pmc.gov.au/release/transcript-12289.
[34] Peter Hartcher, “Lost for Words at John’s Party”, Australian Financial Review, 11 September 2001.
[35] John Howard, Lazarus Rising, 377.
[36] Ibid, 382, 385.
[37] Ibid, 383.
[38] Ibid, 386.
[39] Paul Kelly, “Hyperpowered Mates”, The Australian, 10 May 2003.
[40] John Howard, quoted in Paul Kelly, “Howard Delivers Verdict on War”, The Australian, 26 April 2003.
[41] “A Lucky Country to Run”, The Economist, 29 November 2007.
[42] Kevin Rudd, Press Conference with President George Bush, Washington, 29 March 2008, http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id%3A%22media%2Fpressrel%2F321Q6%22.
[43] Tony Walker, “Professionals Back at the Helm”, Australian Financial Review, 4 April 2008; Michael Fullilove, “Alliance Goes Back to Business First with Rudd”, Sydney Morning Herald, 4 April 2008; William Branigan, “President Calls Battles in Iraq a Defining Moment”, Washington Post, 28 March 2008.
[44] Prime Minster Rudd’s Visit to the United States, 19 March 2008, WikiLeaks, https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/08CANBERRA267_a.html.
[45] Michelle Grattan, “Rudd Defends his Lengthy Visit as he Begins US Talks”, The Age, 29 March 2008; Brendon Nelson and Bob Brown quoted in “Rudd Heads to London after NATO Talks”, ABC News online, 4 April 2008, www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/04/04/2208473.htm.
[46] Philip Dorling, “Americans Enraged by PM’s Insults to Bush”, Sydney Morning Herald, 8 December 2010, www.smh.com.au/technology-news/americans-enraged-by-pms-insults-to-bush-20101207-18obs.html.