Usage of the term “rules-based order” spiked from 2016
0%0.5%1%1.5%2%2.5%19851990199520002005201020152019 0.0 1.4% 2.8% 4.2% 5.6% 7.0%19852019"Liberal international order""Rules-based order"
  • “Rules-based order”
Graph shows relative frequency of terms (% x 10–8 ).
Source: Google Ngrams. Google Ngram is a search engine that allows users to track the occurrence of words and phrases in books over time by charting word frequencies from a large collection of books that were printed between 1500 and 2019.